Dec 6, Chico Zapote, Manilkara zapota, Árbol perenne de la familia Sapotaceae, nativo del sur de México. Chicozapote – Manilkara zapata Uno de los miembros de la familia de las sapotáceas mejor conocido es el chicozapote o sapotilla. Es un árbol atractivo. Árbol de chicozapote (Google). The first production plant opened in , the same year they received organic certification. Chicza is sold in

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“Chicleros” make natural gum as part of an ancient Maya tradition

Independent journalist Martha Pskowski tells us how chicle production allows local Maya communities to preserve their forests while earning an income. Martha is based in Mexico City and she covers environmental politics, gender, and urbanism stories in Mexico and the rest of Latin America.

Chicleros natural gum producers continue an ancient Maya tradition of producing and selling natural gum as competitors peddle the synthetic materials.

The consortium will process the chicle into organic gum that will be exported to 30 countries. When the Mayans ruled the Yucatan Peninsula, they extracted the sap of chicozapote and turned it into gum.


The practice continued after the collapse of the Yucatecan Mayans in the ninth century. Adams produced the first of many chewing-gum brands to follow.

S soldiers, both increasing demand from U. In the early and fe 20th century, chiclerosorganized in the Federation of Chicle Cooperatives, were the economic engine of the Yucatan Peninsula. But the advent of synthetic gums in the s precipitated a slow decline.

Meanwhile, as part of agrarian reform, the federal government was giving property in the sparsely populated Calakmul rainforest to landless peasants. It was not until the s that the ejidatarios began building homes and brought their families. By the s, the Federation of Chicle Cooperatives had fallen into mismanagement.

With the cooperatives in disarray, a long chain of middlemen took most of the profits, leaving the hard-working chicleros with only a few pesos for each kilogram. Adjacent to the arvol is the production plant that processes kilogram bricks of chicle into packaged gum.

In 56 communities across the peninsula, over chicleros, many of whom are indigenous Mayans, now sell to the consortium.

Camino a Calakmul, arbol de chicle

The first production plant opened inthe same year they received organic certification. Chicza is sold in 30 countries around the world, with half of the sales in Germany alone.


He explains that because the chicozapote tree naturally regenerates its sap, chicle production is symbiotic with the ecosystem of the tropical rainforest. The consortium also runs a nursery arrbol grow chicozapote trees to transplant in communities. By Yucatan Times on January 24, Emergency ration pack for aircraft crews during World War II.

Camino a Calakmul, arbol de chicle | Chicozapote, Sapodilla … | Flickr

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