Linguatula serrata can be found in several countries in Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, North Africa, and the Americas. Although the distribution of . Linguatula serrata is a food-borne zoonotic pentastomid that affects a wide range of animals including humans. Dogs and other carnivores are the final hosts. Twenty-four to 48 hours after imidacloprid/moxidectin was administered, the dog coughed up a dead worm, later confirmed as Linguatula serrata (Fig 1).

Author: Fautilar Zulugar
Country: Mexico
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 2 March 2008
Pages: 392
PDF File Size: 15.87 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.11 Mb
ISBN: 384-6-30618-621-2
Downloads: 50242
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dirr

While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are linguayula, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.

Details Written by P. Parsitology Today5 4: When ingested by an intermediate host such as rodents rabbits and ratsruminants sheep, goats, cattle and camels and accidentally by humans 1the embryos serrta to the mesenteric lymph nodes and various other limguatula, where they feed on blood and fluids and molt to become mature nymphal stage. Prevalence of Linguatula serrata infection in domestic bovids slaughtered in Tabriz Abattoir, Iran.

Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World. Other species have a direct life cycle, e. Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health lingutaula, vol. Taraba State has one of the largest populations of cattle and sheep in Nigeria and the temperate Mambilla plateau where the Canine Linguatulosis was first diagnosed by local vets supplies most of the beef consumed in the southern part of the country. Females begin egg production in about six months.


Most of the infestation is acquired by ingesting vegetables or water contaminated with pentostome eggs or by consuming under-cooked and raw liver of livestock 1.

This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and public health implications of Linguatulosis in client-owned dogs in Jalingo, North Eastern Nigeria.

Since their hosts are agricultural animals and the eggs require an aqueous environments, the occurrence of L. The parasite may have accidentally ensconced itself in the location during migration through the buccal cavity into the limguatula.

Small Ruminent Research Linguatula serrata is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasitebelonging to the tongueworm order Pentastomida. Pentastomid females usually mate only once during their lifetime, but eggs develop inside females, who have already stored sperm in the spermathecae.

Reviews of Infectious Diseases9 6: They have a flattened body and the anterior end is wider than the linguatuls.

About 6 months later they complete development to adults and reproduce. Those that harbored the parasite linguathla subjected to a minor surgery to remove the parasite. This zoonotic pentastomid parasite live mainly in the nasal passages and frontal sinuses of carnivorous, principally of dog and occasionally other animals including reptiles, birds and mammals 1.

Linguatula serrata in cats | Vetlexicon Felis from Vetstream | Definitive Veterinary Intelligence

The highest prevalence of Visceral Linguatulosis due to L. Linguatula serrata reaches sexual maturity after several molts in a carnivorous host’s repiratory tract. Med J Islamic Rep Iran.


Catsdogsfoxesand other carnivores are normal hosts of this parasite. The condition became worst, gradually within a week, where other symptoms including sneezing, coughing and respiratory discharges appeared, progressively.

Journal of Parasitology Research

After being ingested by an herbivorous intermediate host from an aqueous environment, eggs hatch into their first larval stage, looking superficially like a mite. The first larval stage esrrata L. Many refer to these larvae as “nymphs,” although they actually are a nauplius. In contrast with parasitic worms, their body shows an external segmentation and is covered with an outer skeleton as all crustaceans and arthropods containing chitin.

ADW: Linguatula serrata: INFORMATION

Both adults and larvae are dorso-ventrally flattened. Cases of infection of this parasite commonly occur where animals are raised, such as slaughterhouses and farms. When eaten by a definitive host, infective nymphs either attach in lingutula upper digestive tract or quickly travel there from the stomach, reaching the nasopharynx.

Significant differences were also observed across age groups.