The original Gaia supposes that the temperature, oxidation state, acidity and Since the end of s, Lynn Margulis, Lovelock’s longstanding. The “Gaia Paradigm” employs the powerful metaphor of “Gaia” to take the The theory gained an early supporter in Lynn Margulis, a microbiologist at the. microbiologist Lynn Margulis in the s. The Gaia theory posits that the Earth is a self-regulating complex system involving the biosphere, the atmosphere.

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Opponents of this view sometimes reference examples of events that resulted in dramatic change rather than stable equilibrium, such as the conversion of the Earth’s atmosphere from a reducing environment to an oxygen -rich one at the end of the Archaean and the beginning of the Proterozoic periods.

Lynn Margulis – Wikipedia

From the very beginning embryologists said that the Mendelian geneticists studied trivial traits that are of no advantage whatsoever for selection and it is true. This is one of the great achievements of twentieth-century evolutionary biology, and I greatly admire her for it. We explored how this could be.

Kalichman 16 January Both Dawkins and Lewontin, who consider themselves far apart from each other in many respects, belong to this tradition. Cram Norman Hackerman ,ynn editions United States. Margulis was raised in Chicago.

Lynn Margulis | American biologist |

While rejecting Gaia, we can at the same time appreciate Lovelock’s originality and breadth of vision, and recognise that his audacious concept has helped to stimulate many new ideas about the Earth, and to champion a holistic approach to studying it”.


Eukaryotic cells with yaia individuated nucleus are the building blocks of all familiar large forms of life. Their marriage ended injust before she completed her PhD. Ferguson, University of Colorado – Denver.

Gaia hypothesis

This leads to lynm central outstanding issue in the Gaia hypothesis: Calcium carbonate is used by living organisms to manufacture carbonaceous tests and shells. We think there is finally an explanation for the Gaia hypothesis. I asked him why, if none of it could be shown experimentally or in the field, he was so wedded to presenting a cost-benefit explanation derived from phony human social-economic “theory. The origin of bacterial cells is the origin of life itself. Dennett, the late George C.

A significant argument raised against it are the many examples where life has had a detrimental or destabilising effect on the environment rather than acting to regulate it.

Analogous to improvements in computer technology, instead of starting from scratch to make all new modules again, the symbiosis idea is an interfacing of preexisting modules. From Gaia to Selfish Genes: Rereading her chapter “Gaia is a Tough Bitch” only reinforces my opinion about her misguided criticisms of neo-Darwinian evolution and her unwarranted antipathy toward population genetics.

The Gaia oynn was initially criticized for being teleological and against the principles of natural selectionbut later refinements aligned the Gaia hypothesis with ideas from fields such as Vaia system sciencebiogeochemistry and systems ecology.


Brief Candle in the Dark: What do you mean by that? The protist kingdom, which comprises most unicellular organisms and multicellular algae in other systems, is rejected as too general. Rather than a discussion of the Gaian teleological views, or “types” of Gaia hypotheses, the focus was upon the specific mechanisms by which basic short term homeostasis was maintained within a framework of significant evolutionary long term structural change.

Lynn Margulis was herself among the elite of scientific grenade throwers, and long-entrenched positions shifted when she scored margu,is hit.

Quate John Roy Whinnery They move all by themselves. Francisco Varela biologist; director of research at the Centre My major thrust mqrgulis how different bacteria form consortia that, under ecological pressures, associate and undergo metabolic and genetic change such that their tightly integrated communities result in individuality at a more complex level of organization.

Lynn Margulis 1938-2011 “Gaia Is A Tough Bitch”

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. They looked very much alike, and from the human-centered vantage point seem boring. Today direct evidence for common ancestry — genetic, chemical, and otherwise — is overwhelming. Lovelock would say that Earth is an organism. Discovering the Tree of Life.